World Environment Day

Wikipedia defines World Environment Day (WED) as a day that is observed every year on June 5 to raise global awareness to take positive environmental action to protect nature and planet Earth. . . .   [ms-protect-content]It is run by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).   “World Environment Day (WED) is the United Nations’ most important day for encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment.   Since it began in 1974, it has grown to become a global platform for public outreach that is widely celebrated in over 100 countries.”

WED is a day that stimulates awareness of the environment and is hosted every year by a different city with a different theme, commemorated with an international exposition in the week of 5 June.   So once a year, one nation hosts World Environment Day, and in 2016 it is Angola for this nation has particular interest in preserving its wildlife and rebuilding its elephant population.

For example, the topic for 2007 was “Melting Ice – a Hot Topic?” while the topic for 2010 was “Many Species.   One Planet.   One Future.”   World Environment Day is in spring in the Northern Hemisphere and in autumn in the Southern Hemisphere.   The Day is similar to Earth Day, which is celebrated annually on April 22.worldenvday-logo

The biophysical environment is the biotic and abiotic surrounding of an organism, or population, and includes particularly the factors that have an influence in their survival, development and evolution.   The naked term is often used as a short form for the biophysical environment.   A green economy is one that results in improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological green economy is an economy or economic development model based on sustainable development and a knowledge of ecological economics.

The United Nations (UN) calls for a worldwide campaign to take a strong action to curb the illegal trade of wildlife that is threatening the biodiversity of our home planet.   Elephants, Rhinos, Turtles and Whales are just some of the species that are mercilessly killed and smuggled for their meat, fur, skin, tusks etc.

It’s high time that we all should stand firmly against wildlife crime and take some stern action at both individual and governmental levels to protect our wildlife resources that ensure the sustainability of our precious planet.

On this day, UN is encouraging everyone to come forward and pledge to protect species that are under threat so that our future generations will also learn the values of preserving wildlife and become socially responsible.

Aiming to fight the bane of wildlife crime, this day is dedicated to supporting the cause of wildlife. The day was established in 1972 by the United Nation.

Here are some of the quick facts about World Environment Day:

McKinsey & Company has produced this article on costing of the greenhouse gas reduction policies.  We take opportunity to reproduce excerpts of it on this day of the World Environment Day.


A cost curve for greenhouse gas reduction

By Per-Anders Enkvist, Tomas Nauclér, and Jerker Rosander

A global study of the size and cost of measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions yields important insights for businesses and policy makers.

The debate about greenhouse gases is heating up. Across a wide spectrum, some voices argue that emissions and climate aren’t linked, while others urge immediate concerted global action to reduce the flow of emissions into the atmosphere. Even the advocates of action disagree about timing, goals, and means. Despite the controversy, one thing is certain: any form of intensified regulation would have profound implications for business.

Our contribution on this topic is not to evaluate the science of climate change or to address the question of whether and how countries around the world should act to reduce emissions.   In this article we aim instead to give policy makers, if they choose to act, an understanding of the significance and cost of each possible method of reducing emissions and of the relative importance of different regions and sectors.   To that end, we have developed an integrated fact base and related cost curves showing the significance and cost of each available approach, globally and by region and sector.   Our other purpose is to help business leaders understand the implications of potential regulatory actions for companies and industries. Indeed, regulation is already on the minds of many executives. A recent survey indicates that half of all companies in Europe’s energy-intensive industries regard the European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) as one of the primary factors affecting their long-term investment decisions.

As the baseline for our study, we used the “business-as-usual” projections for emissions growth from the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). We then analysed the significance and cost of each available method of reducing, or “abating,” emissions relative to these business-as-usual projections.   Our study covers power generation, manufacturing industry (with a focus on steel and cement), transportation, residential and commercial buildings, forestry, and agriculture and waste disposal, in six regions: North America, Western Europe, Eastern Europe (including Russia), other developed countries, China, and other developing nations. It spans three time horizons—2010, 2020, and 2030—and focuses on abatement measures that we estimate would cost 40 euros per ton or less in 2030.   Others have conducted more detailed studies on specific industries and geographies.   But to our knowledge, this is the first microeconomic investigation of its kind to cover all relevant greenhouse gases, sectors, and regions.




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